Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis,two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.

Symptoms & signs:
Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Joint inflammation from arthritis is characterized by joint stiffness, swelling, redness, pain, and warmth.

Arthritis is classified as one of the rheumatic diseases. These are conditions that are different individual illnesses, with differing features, treatments, complications, and prognoses. They are similar in that they have a tendency to affect the joints, muscles, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons, and many have the potential to affect other internal body areas.
1.injury (leading to osteoarthritis),
2.metabolic abnormalities (such as gout with elevated uric acid blood levels and pseudogout with hypercalcemia),
3.hereditary factors,the direct and indirect effect of infections (bacterial and viral)
4.a misdirected immune system with autoimmunity 

Treatment :
The main goal of treatment is to reduce the amount of pain you are experiencing and prevent additional damage to the joints. You will learn what works best for you in terms of controlling pain.
number of different types of medication treat arthritis:
1. Analgesics, such as hydrocodone (Vicodin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol), are effective for pain management, but don’t help decrease inflammation.
2. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen (Advil) and salicylates, help control pain and inflammation. Salicylates can thin the blood, so they should be used very cautiously with additional blood thinning medications.
3. Menthol or capsaicin creams block the transmission of pain signals from you joints. 4. Immunosuppressants like prednisone or cortisone help reduce inflammation.
5. Surgery to replace your joint with an artificial one may be an option. This form of surgery is most commonly performed to replace hips and knees.
6. If your arthritis is most severe in your fingers or wrists, your doctor may perform a joint fusion. In this procedure, the ends of your bones are locked together until they heal and become one.

Ayurveda has studied the forms of arthritis and has found ways to treat it naturally in ancient times. 
The group of arthritic diseases in Sanskrit is called the Amavas . The idea is that ama (toxins formed in the body) is transmitted throughout the body by the moving energy of Vata and accumulates on the tissues as a sticky layer, including in the joints. Energy / Dosha / Vata performs all kinds of movements – from blood flow and nerve impulses to blinking.

Ayurveda cures rheumatoid arthritis by clearing toxins from the body and restoring the doshas to their balance. Purification is done using combined procedures of the two ancient Purvakarma and Panchakarma methods . Particularly important is colon cleansing. Procedures and natural remedies are used with a laxative and purifying effect . Energy is restored to their balance through diet and daily regimen, yoga poses, healing exercises, meditation.
The treatment is always individual – according to what the condition of the body, the presence of diseases, age, etc., as well as the type of arthritis. The personal approach makes the treatment very diverse, so that not all options can be enumerated, but only the basic ones.

The main difference in the treatment of different types of arthritis is in the diet and daily regimen as well as in the type of arthritis.
Certain herbs may have anti-inflammatory properties that can help with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by reducing pain in all forms of the disease.
1. Aloe vera is one of the most commonly used herbs in alternative medicine. Known for its healing properties
2. Boswellia, also called frankincense, is praised by alternative medicine practitioners for its anti-inflammatory capabilities. 
3. The eucalyptus plant leaves contain tannins, which may be helpful in reducing swelling and the pain arthritis causes. Some users follow up with heat pads to maximize the effects of eucalyptus on swollen joints.
4. You may have ginger in your spice cabinet for cooking, but this herb is also a staple in many alternative medicine cabinets. The same compounds that give ginger its strong flavor also have anti-inflammatory properties.
5. Curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric, has been used in folk medicine for years.Turmeric may work best in fighting joint pain when taken orally.
Other complementary approaches to arthritis pain relief include:
1. massages
2. ice or heat packs
3. aerobic exercise
4. tai chi
5. yogabath and soaking therapies
6. stress management and meditation healthy diet which includes omega-3 fatty acids vitamin D supplements if your vitamin D levels are low
7. acupunctures
8. weight management

Eating a healthy diet is important for weight loss. Choosing a diet with lots of antioxidants, such as fresh fruits, vegetables, and herbs, can help reduce inflammation. Other inflammation-reducing foods include fish and nuts.
Foods to minimize or avoid if you have arthritis include fried foods, processed foods, dairy products, and high intakes of meat.
Some research also suggests that gluten antibodies may be present in people with RA. A gluten-free diet may improve symptoms and disease progression. 
Regular exercise will keep your joints flexible. Swimming is often a good form of exercise for people with arthritis because it doesn’t put pressure on your joints the way running and walking do. Staying active is important, but you should also be sure to rest when you need to and avoid overexerting yourself.
While there’s no cure for arthritis, the right treatment can greatly reduce your symptoms.
In addition to the treatments your doctor recommends, you can make a number of lifestyle changes that may help you manage your arthritis.

sunita senapati

By sunita senapati

Sunita Senapati, believes that Nature itself is the best physician, a healer and a restorer which calms our mind, soothes our soul and cures our body.

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