These days, skin diseases and infections are becoming quite common due to the ever-increasing problem of pollution. Skin pigmentation and dark spots on the skin is one of those severe problems which occur when there is hormonal imbalance, irregular sleep or any such complications.
Many times females use concealers, bb creams and other chemical remedies which can temporarily solve their problem but they forget to focus on the root of the problem as well as on the after-effects of using them. A person should feel comfortable with his skin.
There are a number of contributing factors for dark circles. Some common causes of include:
1.Fatigue, Oversleeping, extreme fatigue, or just staying up a few hours past your normal bedtime can cause dark circles to form under your eyes. Sleep deprivation can cause your skin to become dull and pale, allowing for dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin to show. Lack of sleep can also cause fluid to build underneath your eyes, causing them to appear puffy. As a result, the dark circles you see may actually be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.
2.Age, Natural aging is another common cause of those dark circles beneath your eyes. As you get older, your skin becomes thinner. You also lose the fat and collagen needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. As this occurs, the dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more visible causing the area below your eyes to darken.
3.Eye strain, Staring at your television or computer screen can cause significant strain on your eyes. This strain can cause blood vessels around your eyes to enlarge. As a result, the skin surrounding your eyes can darken.
4.Allergies, Allergic reactions and eye dryness can trigger dark circles. When you have an allergic reaction, your body release histamines as a response to harmful bacteria. Other than causing uncomfortable symptoms — including itchiness, redness, and puffy eyes — histamines also cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin. Allergies can also increase your urge to rub and scratch the itchy skin around your eyes. These actions can worsen your symptoms, causing inflammation, swelling, and broken blood vessels. This can result in dark shadows beneath your eyes.
5.Dehydration, Dehydration is a common cause of dark circles under your eyes. When your body is not receiving the proper amount of water, the skin beneath your eyes begins to look dull and your eyes look sunken. This is due to their close proximity to the underlying bone.
6.Sun overexposure, Overexposure to the sun can cause your body to produce an excess of melanin, the pigment that provides your skin with color. Too much sun — particularly for your eyes — can cause pigmentation in the surrounding skin to darken.
7.Genetics, Family history also plays a part in developing dark circles under your eyes. It can be an inherited trait seen early in childhood, and may worsen as you age or slowly disappear. Predispositions to other medical conditions — such as thyroid disease — can also result in dark circles beneath your eyes
Amazing home remedies which are effective and if used regularly can do wonders by curing the problem of pigmentation and dark spots naturally.
1.Raw Potatoes – Potatoes contain an enzyme called catecholase which curbs the excessive melanin production within an individual. Raw potatoes are eminently effective in lightening the dark spots and reducing pigmentation on the skin.
2.Onion juice – Onions are a rich source of Vitamin C which is an amazing antioxidant and helps in treating pigmentation.
3.Yoghurt – Yoghurt contains lactic acid which can slow down the growth of your melanocytes. It will also help in the exfoliating skin and improving its texture. Yoghurt has properties to cure hyperpigmentation and improve skin texture.
4.Lemon juice – Lemon juice mixed with honey works as a natural bleaching agent. Lemons contain antioxidant properties which not only protect the skin from ultraviolet (UV) damage but also lightens dark spots.
5.Sandalwood – Sandalwood is one of the oldest blood purifiers which helps in reducing pigmentation. It also helps in treating the dark spots.
6.Oatmeal – Oatmeal makes the skin appear younger by exfoliating the dead skin. It is an excellent scrubber which is effective for reducing dark spots and for treating hyperpigmentation.
7.Tomato – Tomato is well-known for lightening the colour of the skin and removing tanning by neutralising the effect of harmful UV rays. Tomato is considered to be one of the best bleaching agents.
8.Papaya– Papaya helps in treating skin pigmentation by encouraging cell growth and eliminating dead skin cells. It contains an enzyme called papain which has exfoliating properties.9.Aloe Vera – Aloe Vera helps in reducing dark spots and pigmentation. It also protects the skin from the damage caused by UV radiation.
9.Turmeric – Since ancient times turmeric has been used as a face-pack in Indian households because of its medicinal properties. It is also helpful in balancing the pH level of the skin and adds a radiant glow to it.
10.Cucumber – Cucumber can rejuvenate the skin as well as lighten the dark spots on the skin. It is also effective in treating blemishes on the skin.
11.Apple Cider Vinegar – Apple cider vinegar has astringent properties which help to restore the natural colour of the skin. It also helps in naturally making the skin radiant. Apple Cider Vinegar also contains beta-carotene which is effective in treating the damage caused to the skin.
Treatment for dark eye circles depends on the underlying cause.
1.Sleep, Fatigue and a lack of sleep can cause dark circles under your eyes. It can also make you look paler, which might make your dark circles appear darker. Make sure you’re getting seven to eight hours of sleep each night and practicing good sleep hygiene.
2.Elevation, When you sleep, try extra pillows under your head to lessen the puffiness of fluid pooling in your lower eyelids.
3.Cold, Sometimes dilated blood vessels can darken the area under your eyes. A cold compress can cause the blood vessels to constrict, which may result in a lessening of the dark circles.
4.Sun, Reduce or eliminate sun exposure to your face.
5.Moisturizers, There are a number of over-the-counter moisturizers that might help you with the dark circles under your eyes. Many of them contain caffeine, vitamin E, aloe, hyaluronic acid, and/or retinol.
6.Almond oil and vitamin E, Natural healing advocates suggest mixing equal amounts of almond oil and vitamin E and then, just prior to bedtime, gently massaging the mixture into the dark circles. In the morning, wash the area with cold water. Repeat the process nightly until the dark circles disappear.
7.Vitamin K, placing a pad (which contained a mixture that included caffeine and vitamin K) under the eye resulted in a reduction in wrinkle depth and dark circles.For many people, dark circles are temporary and are often an indication of aging or lack of sleep. Though there are a number of at-home and medical treatments available to improve the appearance of your eyes, dark circles are typically no cause for alarm. However, if the discoloration or swelling worsens over time, schedule a visit with your doctor or dermatologist to ensure you have correctly diagnosed the issue and are receiving the best treatment.