Hyperthyroidism occurs when there’s too much thyroid hormone in the body. This condition is also called an overactive thyroid.It affects the thyroid gland, a gland located in the throat which is responsible for secreting a number of important hormones.
Hyperthyroidism shouldn’t be confused with hypothyroidism. While hyperthyroidism describes an overactive thyroid, hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland under-performs.The symptoms and treatment of hypothyroidism are very different than for hyperthyroidism.
Overactive thyroid requires medical treatment, but making changes to include or avoid certain nutrients — and staying active — can help ease symptoms and keep you feeling good.
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
1. heart palpitations
2. sleep problems
3. high blood pressure
4. weight loss
5. increased appetite
6. irregular menstruation
8. thinning hair
9. increased sweating
What does hyperthyroidism do to your body?
Basically, it is your thyroid levels that affect your metabolism. Thus your body may result in producing more thyroid hormones or lesser. If your thyroid gland produces more thyroxine, then you definitely have hyperthyroidism and if your thyroid gland is producing less thyroxine, then it is understood that you have hypothyroid. Hyperthyroid usually speeds up your body and usually causes unpleasant symptoms and feelings.
Food must be avoided for hyperthyroidism
1. Iodized salt
2.Any nutritional supplement that contains iodine
3.Dairy products like milk, ice cream, yoghurt and butter
5.seafood such as fish, shellfish, sushi and seaweed
Foods to Include in Your Diet
Fresh vegetables, fruits, legumes, lean proteins, and whole grains are essential for any balanced diet. For hyperthyroidism :
1. Freshwater Salmon“Fish has healthy fats, which contribute to maintaining your weight,”. “This is vital for those with overactive thyroid, who tend to continually lose weight.” You may need to steer clear, though, of saltwater fish due to the excess iodine content that’s found in ocean waters.
2.Lentils These are a good source of protein and fiber without the saturated fats found in meats.
3.Calcium-Rich Foods“If left untreated, hyperthyroidism can weaken the bones,”. “To counteract this, it’s necessary to get at least three servings of calcium per day.” Since dairy products contain iodine, you may want to focus on nondairy sources of calcium instead.
4.Fortified foods are a good place to start, but you may also consider asking your doctor about calcium supplements if you’re getting less than the 1,000 milligram (mg) daily recommendation. The recommendation goes up to 1,200 mg per day for women over 51 and men over
A number of vitamins and supplements — including iodine, vitamin D, selenium, probiotics, tyrosine, zinc, iron, and thiamine — can be helpful to your thyroid health
It is important to create a regular exercise routine focusing on engaging the larger muscle groups. Avoid over-training muscles by involving aerobic exercises (dancing, cycling, swimming, etc.) and resistance training 2-3 times per week with rest and recovery. Resistance bands, body weight exercises and even light gardening are great ways to keep active.
Excessive exercise can play havoc on cortisol which can further escalate thyroid levels and worsen symptoms. Yoga and meditation will assist in coping, increasing calm, improve psychological balance and improve overall health, ease anxiety and insomnia.
There are several treatments for hyperthyroidism. The best one depends on your age, health, cause, and the severity of your condition. The goal is to control your thyroid levels and make them normal. Doing this relieves symptoms and prevents future health problems. Treatments include:
1.Radioactive iodine– You take a pill or liquid by mouth. It gets into your blood stream and destroys the overactive thyroid cells. This causes the level of thyroid hormone in your body to decrease. Symptoms often lessen in 3 to 6 months. The final result is permanent low thyroid activity (hypothyroidism). This condition can be treated with thyroid supplements. This option is not suitable for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
2.Anti-thyroid medicine– These drugs tell your thyroid to produce fewer hormones. Symptoms begin to improve in 6 to 12 weeks as your hormone levels adjust. Treatment can last for at least a year. This is a better option for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Talk to your doctor about possible side effects.
3.Surgery– A thyroidectomy is when the doctor removes most of your thyroid gland. After surgery, you likely will develop hypothyroidism. You can take thyroid supplements to restore your hormone levels to normal.
4.Beta blockers- These drugs slow your heart rate and reduce tremors and anxiety. They can be used with other forms of treatment. You should be able to stop taking them once your thyroid levels return to normal.
There are several herbs that have been shown to benefit thyroid function, including adaptogens, Ashwagandha, which was shown to improve thyroid function for sub-clinical hypothyroid patients. Adaptogens are herbs that work on several body functions at once to help balance out dysfunction and regulate metabolic processes. They are used with caution, however, in those with autoimmune thyroid disease as some botanicals can stimulate the immune system response. Other herbs such as gum guggal can be used in all forms of hypothyroidism as they help to convert the inactive form of T4 to the more active form of T3. Any herbal treatment should be approved by a professional trained in herbal medicine to reduce side effects, prevent unwanted drug/herb interactions, and maximize treatment efficacy.
Regulation of thyroid function can be tricky and requires a whole-person approach. Naturopathic doctors lead with natural therapies that address underlying causes and support the body to restore healthy function.